Proprioception And Performance: What Is It About?

Proprioception is the link between what we feel and what we do, and it greatly influences our sports performance.
Proprioception and performance: what are they all about?

During training we are often aware of how to make each muscle work correctly, that is, we carry out each movement carefully because we are able to understand the use of any muscle; it is proprioception. Sometimes it is considered a sixth sense, as it is a link between what you feel and what we do.In this article we will explain how proprioception and performance go hand in hand. 

Our body is extraordinary, it has several systems that work together to generate movements, thoughts and life processes.

One thing is certain: the  more you know how your body works, the more opportunities you will have to make it move at its best. If you want more information on proprioception and performance read on:


Imagine that you have to walk in a place where there are many puddles. The goal is to walk without stepping on it, and your body strengthens concentration and balance in the muscles. In your mind, not stepping on puddles predominates, but it is much more than that: your body acts according to the situation and makes the necessary adjustments to deal with it.

Proprioception has been defined “sense of locomotion”, and was studied in 1557 by Giulio Cesare Scaligero. Over time, the studies by psychologists, neurologists, anatomists, etc. have been deepened. Also referred to as “muscular sense”, however, it was definitively called proprioception by Charles Scott Sherrington in 1906.

women doing weights in the gym

The components of proprioception in humans are found in various parts of the body that work together. These elements are all the receptors known as the 5 senses (sight, smell, touch, taste and hearing), plus the central nervous system which processes a response to the situation to which the body is exposed.

Sometimes, there are people who call themselves careless because they often fall, it is difficult for them to move objects, etc. Carelessness is nothing more than poorly developed proprioception, and this implies a small deficit at the motor level.

Proprioception and performance

Proprioception affects your sporting performance. Evidently, people who have this quite acute “sixth sense”  are more sensitive and more likely to perform certain exercises. 

In reality, proprioception is present in any area of ​​everyday life. In sports, he focuses more on exercises that involve balance and coordination. However, it is necessary to carry out any sporting activity.

Develop this sixth sense of yours

Since it is a sixth sense that connects the whole body, movement is used to improve proprioception. This is done through sport, with targeted exercises involving the use of fitball and bosu. Since they are unstable surfaces, they force the body to develop internal sense. 

The following exercises stand out:

  • Fitball push-up plank: Instead of doing push-ups with the plank on the ground, lean on a fitball. This will force you to use your proprioception to perform the exercise despite the instability of the fitball.
  • Sitting above the bosu: the instability of the surface will cause your sixth sense to act to keep you seated.
  • Dance Steps: Learning dance steps is one of the most effective exercises, as it tests coordination, balance and rhythm with the music.
women doing gymnastics in the hall

Why are they important?

Proprioception and performance go hand in hand due to the fact that  proprioception guarantees good performance, both in sport and in other fields. At the same time, developing this sense is like learning any discipline, practice makes you improve more and more.

An example of how proprioception affects the body is a person walking in the dark. When one is in complete darkness, one does not know what is in the surrounding environment, so one must use the consciousness of the internal state of the body. In this way you can move without problems despite the dark.

Proprioception is necessary to perform various tasks in daily life. So if you consider yourself careless don’t worry, but if you want to improve now you know where to start!

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