Shoulder injuries are common among athletes. It is a very delicate part of the body. An injury can restrict your movement and affect your routines.
Shoulder pains and injuries greatly impede the ability to move the upper limbs. They can be acute or chronic episodes. It depends on how long the pain is felt and the type of diagnosis that is made.
Most problems involve muscles, tendons and ligaments rather than bones. This type of discomfort can develop slowly due to intense and repetitive routines. Hence, it is important to know which are the most common and how you can prevent them.
The most common shoulder pains
The most common shoulder pains and injuries are:
One of the most common injuries is tendonitis. Before starting it is important to know what a tendon is. A tendon is a fibrous structure that connects muscle to bone. Most tendonitis is caused by inflammation of this structure. Typically, the shoulder tendons affected by injuries are the four rotator cuff tendons and the biceps tendons.
Bursae are small fluid-filled sacs found throughout the body at joints, including those in the shoulder. They act as cushions between the bones and the soft tissues that cover them with the function of reducing the friction between the muscles and the bone.
Sometimes, overuse of the shoulder joints causes inflammation and swelling of the bursa located between the rotator cuff and part of the shoulder blade. The result is a pathological condition known as subacromial bursitis.
3. Shoulder instability
Shoulder instability occurs when the head of the humerus (upper arm) comes out of its normal socket and is pushed out of the shoulder. This problem can occur due to a sudden injury or overuse of this joint.
Dislocations of the shoulder are partial when the head of the humerus only partially comes out of its original position. In this case we speak of shoulder subluxation. They are defined as complete (complete dislocation) when the head of the humerus completely exits and there is no longer any contact between the two surfaces.
When the tendons, ligaments, and muscles in the shoulder loosen or tear, dislocations occur more frequently. Partial or complete recurrent dislocations cause pain and instability when the arm is lifted or removed from the body. Repeated episodes of dislocation or subluxation increase the risk of developing arthritis in the joint.
4. Tendon lacerations and ruptures
Tendon tears and ruptures can be the result of acute injury, age-related degenerative problems, excessive wear, or sudden injury. The ruptures can be partial or they can cause a complete detachment of the tendon from the bone.
In complete ruptures, the tendon completely detaches from the bone. The most common tendon injuries involve the rotator cuff and biceps.
5. Frozen shoulder (or adhesive capsulitis)
This condition severely restricts the movement of the joint and causes the abnormal accumulation of pockets of tissue that impede the freedom of movement of the shoulder. Usually there is pain and severe joint stiffness.
They occur when the smooth surfaces of the cartilages that line the bones of the shoulder joints wear down. Generally the most common causes are linked to excessive exploitation. Treatments to cure shoulder arthritis depend on the severity of the pain.
In these cases it is best to rest, take anti-inflammatories or have cortisone injections. In others, actual shoulder joint surgery is required.
What to do to avoid shoulder joint injuries
The first thing to do to prevent injury is to use braces to put on before each workout. Make sure they are properly adjusted.
Another preventative measure is to use the right technique for each exercise. You can also participate in a muscle strengthening and conditioning program that will allow you to have more flexible shoulders.
Listen to your body, especially if your shoulder hurts after doing any activity. Don’t ignore these signs. If the pain is severe and does not go away, see a doctor.
We recommend that you do some stretching, both before and after your workouts. This way you will start and finish your routines in the correct way. Don’t strain right away at the beginning and gradually increase the intensity.
Most of the more common injuries affecting the shoulders are caused by the type of sport you play, strenuous exercise, and lifting heavy objects. Be very careful when engaging in this type of business.