Trochanteritis: What It Is, What Causes It And How To Cure It

Trochanteritis occurs when the bursa lining the hip joint becomes inflamed. Let’s explore the topic in this article.
Trochanteritis: what it is, what causes it and how to treat it

Trochanteritis is a common condition because it can be caused by several factors. Despite having a complicated name, don’t be intimidated, as it can be best dealt with and resolve completely.

In this article we will see what trochanteritis consists of and what its main causes are. In this way we will also know what actions can help us prevent its occurrence.

What is trochanteritis?

The trochanter is the most prominent part of the femur, which protrudes outward at the hips. The peculiarity of this area, in addition to the bony relief, is that several hip muscles are inserted. Therefore, it is a part of the bone from which different tendons pull.

As with other diseases, the ending -itis indicates inflammation. This means that, technically, trochanteritis is inflammation of the trochanter. However, the term indicates inflammation of the bursa lining the joint. For this reason, this condition is sometimes also known as trochanteric bursitis.

This bursa is filled with fluid and helps prevent soft tissue friction with the bone. However, there may be a leak of this liquid, which causes inflammation and pain.

Causes of trochanteritis

Illustration of a hip injury.

The most common cause of this condition is joint overload. That is, overdoing sports or having a session with an intensity for which the body is not prepared. Having to amortize and accompany the movements, if we demand too much, the bag is damaged.

Second, this injury can be caused by repeated trauma. Since the trochanter is a palpable bony protrusion, if we practice a contact sport, all the blows we receive on the hip are supported by this structure. Movements such as protecting the ball with the body in football or dribbling a defender in basketball also generate impacts.

Among the causes of trochanteritis we can also mention being overweight, because the joint is stressed more than it should and ends up being damaged.

Another cause could be bio-mechanical problems in the legs. For example if the legs have different lengths. In this case, the resulting walking problems can damage the ankle, knee or hip.

Muscle weakness can also lead to trochanteritis. As we have said, several muscles are inserted into the greater trochanter of the femur. If these are weak, they will damage themselves with little exercise. A possible consequence is tendonitis, which in this case would manifest itself in the area of ​​the trochanter.

Finally, there are other postural alterations that can lead to pathologies like this, such as spinal deviations or hip dysplasia.

How is the treatment?

Since trochanteritis can be caused by a variety of causes, it is clear that treatment will partly depend on why the condition arose. That is, if we are overweight, we will have to lose pounds; if the muscles are weak, we will have to strengthen them; if we have a basic bio-mechanical problem, we will have to solve it.

However, there are some common indications that can be followed when suffering from trochanteritis. On the one hand, especially in the beginning, it will be necessary to rest. Giving the bag time to heal is essential.

Second, the inflammation needs to be treated. This can be done by applying a cold pack, compressing the area and, if necessary, with anti-inflammatory drugs.

Aside from that, the next steps will depend on the severity of the injury. A mild trochanteritis may not require further treatment, while in other cases we may need a physical therapist to receive shockwave, ultrasound, stretching, and massage treatment. More severe cases may require infiltration or even surgery.

Visit to the physiotherapist.

In any case, at the time of diagnosis we will also find out the severity of the inflammation. Later, during the recovery, we will know if we are improving or if we have to opt for a more incisive treatment.

A complex area

The trochanter area is extremely complex. It is a region that absorbs many impacts every day and is responsible for supporting and stabilizing a large number of muscles.

Therefore, we must do our part so that he does not suffer injuries. If we are overweight, it is essential to lose weight and exercise regularly. Similarly, if we practice contact sports, it will be necessary to take measures to ensure that the impacts are as less harmful as possible and to strengthen the muscles to act as a barrier, as well as treat any underlying pathology as soon as possible.

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