Volleyball: Rules And History Of This Very Popular Sport

Volleyball is a sport with a long history. Discover its rules to start following or practicing it.
Volleyball: rules and history of this hugely popular sport

Volleyball is a very popular sport for both men and women. But not only that: it is an Olympic sport and its world championships are followed by thousands of people. Some simply call it volley , short for the English name volleyball. But what are the rules of volleyball?

In this article we will make a brief summary of its most important guidelines, to watch a game and understand something or maybe to want to play it! We invite you to discover with us the rules of this discipline rich in history.

A brief history of volleyball

Volleyball dates back to the same period as basketball and its origin is quite similar, as it was conceived by a teacher and coach of the Young Men’s Christian Association —YMCA, from its acronym in English—.

It was the year 1895 when William George Morgan found that his students needed to exercise even during the cold winter days in Massachusetts.

Thus was born the idea of ​​an alternative discipline to basketball, the sport conceived in 1891 by James Naismith, and which could be practiced by young people and adults in closed spaces such as a gym.

To bring volleyball to life, Morgan “borrowed” rules and techniques from other sports he already knew and explained to his students. Also, since it was possible to play indoors, the students also practiced in the winter. A year later, in 1896, this new discipline was presented publicly.

At first, volleyball was only played by men, but the women’s version was created soon after. In 1947 the International Volleyball Federation (FIVB) was founded and two years later the first men’s volleyball world championship was held.

In 1952, meanwhile, the women’s World Cup was held for the first time. The discipline was first included in the Olympic Games at the 1996 Atlanta edition.

Women playing volleyball.

What are the main rules of volleyball?

Now that we know a little about the history of this sport, the next step is to know the rules of volleyball, at least the most important ones. So the next time you watch a game on TV or live, you will be able to understand when they score a point, when there is a foul and how a game is won:

1. Playing field

The playing area is rectangular and consists of a field of 18 x 9 meters and a free space around it. The place where the match takes place must be at least 7 meters high.

In the center of the pitch there is a 2.43 meter high net for men’s matches and 2.24 meters high for women’s matches.

2. Teams and players

The teams are made up of 12 players, 6 of whom are on the pitch and the rest must remain seated on the bench. Each team has a Libero and a Captain. Three players are placed in front of the net – the frontcourt – and three in the backcourt.

The players rotate clockwise. Therefore, the player from position 2 rotates to position 1 and serves; the player in position 1 goes to position 6, the player in position 6 to 5, and so on until the end of the round.

3. The score

The games are played in five sets of 25 points each – except the last one, which is 15 points. To win a set, there must be a difference of at least two points with the opponent, for example 25 to 23 or 26 to 24. The same goes for the fifth set: 15-13.

Volleyball smash.

Points are awarded in different ways. For example, when the ball goes out of bounds after the serve, it is a point for the opposing team. If, after the three allowed throws, the ball goes to the opposite court and hits inside the court – that is, inside the lines – it is a point for the attacking team. The team that scores a point is the one that performs the next service.

Other rules of volleyball

Finally, within the rules of volleyball we cannot forget the fouls: these are sanctioned, for example, when a team touches the ball more than three times, when the net or poles are touched and this interferes with the game or when c ‘is a mistake in player rotation.

In addition to those mentioned, there are many other dynamics that affect the practice of this sport. Among these we can highlight the substitutions, time-outs, disciplinary sanctions and problems relating to equipment and clothing. Find everything in the official FIVB regulation.

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