World Anti-Doping Agency: What Is It?

The World Anti-Doping Agency regulates the substances allowed and not for athletes to ensure control and management of doping throughout the world. How does this body work?
World anti-doping agency: what is it?

The World Anti-Doping Agency (AMA) is an international body whose mission is to coordinate the fight against doping in sport. It is based in Lausanne, Switzerland, and was founded in 1999. This body still controls all cases of use of illicit substances in various sports.

The foundation and functions of this agency develop in a very similar way to other international organizations around the world. Before its existence, sports federations and institutions tried to control the various cases of doping, but in a little articulated way.

Origin of the world anti-doping agency

In 1998 the well-known Festina scandal came to light, with which a doping network was discovered within elite cycling. At the beginning it was decided to expel all the components that were positive for the use of certain substances. As the investigation progressed, however, almost all the Tour de France teams saw themselves involved.

The unbridled culture in cycling motivated the International Olympic Committee to convene a forum on doping. The.

This document established the need to establish an independent international body for the fight against doping. This is precisely the world anti-doping agency, founded on 10 November 1999. It was important that it was active in time to act during the 2000 Sydney Olympics.

Substances permitted in sport

This code regulates the following aspects: doping tests, laboratories, list of prohibited substances and methods and personal privacy of those concerned. In short, the function of this regulation is to unify the various aspects relating to control, sanctions and the fight against doping.

All disciplines intended as sporting practices must accept, adopt and comply with this code. On many occasions this has represented a reform of the regulations specific to a particular sport.

The job of the world anti-doping agency is to ensure that sports institutions respect the anti-doping code and apply it. The public institutions of the various countries must also adapt to the legislation and spirit of this document.

List of substances banned by the world anti-doping agency

The list of prohibited substances is one of the main regulations in the field of anti-doping. It defines the substances that are not allowed and, therefore, the prohibited doping methods and the analyzes that athletes must undergo. This document was last updated on January 1, 2019. 

This list also fits updates regarding the World Anti-Doping Code. For example, in 2019 the topic of genetic and cellular doping was introduced.

Illicit substances are divided into those that are not allowed inside and outside the competitions. There are also some that are prohibited only in certain sporting practices. The publication of this list always takes place three months before the update and entry into force to prevent sportsmen on future legislation.

Sportsman injecting a substance into his arm

Internal structure of the AMA

The AMA is made up of an executive committee, a general assembly, working groups and commissions. The legislative body takes the decisions and is made up of thirty-eight representatives. 

In practice, these eighteen representatives are members of the sports associations and public bodies of the various countries. The remainder is made up of other international sports organizations. Within the executive committee is the president of the organization, who follows and moderates the sessions.

The work commissions of this institution are four and are divided into themes. They deal with the following issues: finances, education, health and research and sports advice.

Finally, as a curiosity, we remind you that on May 14, 2019 the new president of the AMA was elected. At the present time, the elected one is Witold Banka, Polish Minister of Tourism and Sports. His predecessor was Scotsman Craig Reedie, who heads the executive committee until the new government is formed.

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